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DOI: https://doi.org/10.15332/rl.v0i5.847

Análisis de eficiencia económica de fincas arroceras: una aplicación de una función determinística de ingresos brutos frontera

Álvaro Ramírez Suárez

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Resumen

El análisis sobre la eficiencia económica de la producción de arroz riego a nivel de fincas, se centró en medir indicadores de eficiencia técnica, distributiva y económica usando una muestra de corte transversal, empleando el enfoque de funciones frontera determinísticas mediante la especificación y ajuste de una función de ingresos brutos. Los resultados empíricos soportan que, un agricultor promedio podría aumentar significativamente los rendimientos por hectárea hasta en un 53%, reducir los costos variables unitarios hasta en un 34.5% y aumentar las ganancias brutas antes de cubrir los costos fijos hasta en un 70% si usara y combinara los recursos de tierra, mano de obra e insumos al nivel de los agricultores más eficientes económicamente en la región. Al final, se plantean sugerencias con el objeto de cerrar brechas de rendimiento.


Palabras clave

Arroz de Riego; Eficiencia Productiva; Eficiencia Económica; Eficiencia Distributiva; Eficiencia Técnica

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