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DOI: https://doi.org/10.15332/rev.m.v10i1.960

FLOODINGS AND SOCIAL VULNERABILITY: THEIR SPACIAL EQUIVALENCE IN THE CITY OF CURITIBA, BRAZIL

Clovis Ultramari, Beatriz Hummell

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ABSTRACT
This is a theoretical discussion on social vulnerability and on the construction of vulnerability indexes. Empirical exercise takes place in the city of Curitiba, Southern Brazil. Article is based on both conceptual approaches revealing complexity of such topic as well as on empirical demands to establish priorities in terms of risk reduction action facing natural adverse events and distribution of resources in post-disaster recovery. Urban context is that of Brazilian cities, revealing recurrent inequalities in the way inhabitants build, use, and transform urban compartments. Research presented here can be contextualized in a scenario where adverse phenomena should deeply influence the elaboration of urban public policies. Its main target is to contribute to the identification of parameters to channel public resources in preparedness actions facing adverse situations.

RESUMEN
Esta es una discusión teórica sobre la vulnerabilidad social y la construcción de los índices de vulnerabilidad. El ejercicio empírico se llevó a cabo en la ciudad de Curitiba, sur de Brasil. El artículo se basa en dos enfoques conceptuales que revelan la complejidad de este tema, así como de las necesidades básicas para la fijación de prioridades, en términos de acción, la reducción del riesgo de eventos naturales adversos y la distribución de los recursos en la recuperación post-desastre. El contexto urbano es el de las ciudades brasileñas, que destaca las desigualdades en la forma en que los habitantes construyen, utilizan y transforman los sectores urbanos. La investigación que aquí se presenta puede ser contextualizada en un escenario en el que las circunstancias adversas deberían afectar profundamente el desarrollo de políticas públicas urbanas. Su objetivo principal es contribuir a la identificación de parámetros para la canalización de recursos públicos en la preparación para hacer frente a situaciones adversas.


Palabras clave

Social Vulnerability; Natural Hazards; Vulnerability Index; City of Curitiba; Vulnerabilidad social; Desastres naturales; Índice de vulnerabilidad; Curitiba

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