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DOI: https://doi.org/10.15332/iteckne.v11i1.532

Caracterización de canales de comunicación por tráfico y arquitectura de la red: una revisión.

Characterization of communication channels in terms of traffic and network architecture: a review

Leonardo Serna-Guarín, Edilson Delgado-Trejos

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Resumen(es_ES)

Las herramientas de software presentan limitaciones de acceso y disponibilidad en los procesos de monitoreo y control industrial, cuando las comunicaciones son afectadas por grandes distancias. Asimismo, las respuestas en tiempo real y la estabilidad también son limitadas por las condiciones de tráfico en redes LAN. Es conocido que las redes Ethernet son ampliamente usadas en comunicaciones industriales por su alto rendimiento en configuraciones de switches. Sin embargo, no han sido la solución adecuada para aplicaciones en tiempo real, dado el inconveniente de medir el tiempo de respuesta en la transmisión de datos, y más aún, cuando las topologías de las redes son diferentes y los niveles de tráfico varían permanentemente. En este artículo, se presenta una revisión del estado del arte sobre la caracterización de canales de comunicación en términos de tráfico y arquitectura de la red, donde se determinan campos que aún quedan abiertos en esta área del conocimiento, y se inquieta hacia nuevas alternativas que puedan ser fácilmente adoptables por el sector industrial. Como conclusión, se establece que una técnica integrada por la arquitectura y las características del tráfico en el análisis de redes mejora las perspectivas de rendimiento en sistemas heterogéneos para aplicaciones industriales vía web.

Palabras clave(es_ES)

Canales de comunicación; tráfico; arquitectura de red; monitoreo y control remoto

Resumen(en_US)

Software tools face accessibility and availability limitations in monitoring and industrial control processes when communications are affected by long distances. Likewise, real-time answers and stability are also limited by the traffic conditions in LAN network. Ethernet networks are widely-used in industrial communications due to high performance in multiswitch configuration. However, they are not the most appropriate solution for real-time applications, given the difficulty in measuring response times in data transmission, and even more so when the network topologies are different and traffic levels are permanently varying. This paper presents a review of the characterization of communication channels in terms of traffic and network architecture,  identifying  unexplored  areas  and  promoting  new alternatives that may be easily adopted by the industrial sector.  In  conclusion,  a  technique  integrated  by  architecture  and  traffic  characteristics  in  network  analysis may  performance  in  heterogeneous  systems  for  industrial applications via web.

Palabras clave(en_US)

Channels of communication; traffic; network architecture; remote monitoring and control

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ISSN: 1692-1798 (impreso)
ISSN: 2393-3483 (en línea)



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